5 Supplements for Supporting Blood Sugar Metabolism

by Melissa Chichester

Glucose, also known as blood sugar, is the body’s primary source of energy and comes from foods consumed through the diet. Energy at the metabolic level is usually produced during a process known as sugar metabolism where enzymes in the body help break down nutrients such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into amino acids, fatty acids, and simple sugars. After that these substances can be used as energy for the body. Some supplements are known for their ability to assist in sugar metabolism.* Check out five of them below!


Cinnamon is a much-loved culinary spice used for savory dishes and sweet baked goods; however, it is also a highly regarded herbal supplement. Cinnamon is used in Ayurveda for warming as an antioxidant as it has one of the highest antioxidant levels of any spice.* In addition, cinnamon helps support the metabolism of sugar in the body.*

Alpha lipoic acid

Known as the “universal antioxidant,” alpha lipoic acid is a vitamin-like substance in the body that is both fat- and water-soluble. It is known as universal because it is involved in so many different processes in the body. Alpha lipoic acid is involved in sugar absorption and metabolism, helping the body use sugar properly for energy.*


Biotin is best known for its role in supporting the health of hair, skin, and nails, but this B-complex nutrient has other roles.* Also known as Vitamin B7, biotin is involved in carbohydrate and fat metabolism, in addition to supporting energy metabolism.*


Chromium is an essential trace mineral, which means it is needed in very small amounts daily. Although not much is needed, chromium plays an important role in nutrient metabolism.* Chromium also plays a role in the release of energy from cells.*


Berberine is a bright yellow plant alkaloid that is a trending nutrient for its researched potential health benefits. This includes its ability to support blood sugar levels already within a normal range, and it helps maintain triglyceride levels already within a normal range.*

What are normal blood sugar levels?

While blood sugar levels change throughout the day, physicians usually measure fasting levels to get a picture of a patient’s blood sugar health. According to the Virginia Mason Medical Center located in Seattle, the following levels are normal in their circumstances:

  • Normal fasting (no food or water for 8 hours): 70-90 mg/dL
  • Two hours or less after eating: Less than 140 mg/dL

While blood sugar levels can be tested at home, if you have concerns about blood sugar levels it should always be discussed with your personal physician. Also, check with your doctor before starting any supplement.